Warning Signs & Risks

Know the Signs of Stroke
A stroke usually comes on suddenly. Call 911 immediately if you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms:

  • Numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
  • Difficulty seeing in one or both eyes
  • Dizziness, trouble walking, or a loss of balance or coordination
  • Severe headache with no known cause

When you call for emergency help, try to identify when the symptoms first appeared. Emergency workers will also want to know as much as possible about medical history, current medications, and any recent blood work or screening.

Learn more about emergency care 

Are You at Risk?
Your risk of having a stroke depends on factors that you can’t control, and those you can.

    Risk Factors You CAN’T Control:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Prior stroke
  • Family history

        Risk Factors You CAN Control:

    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Diabetes 
    • High cholesterol 
    • Weight
    • Tobacco use

    You are also at higher risk if you’ve had a previous mini stroke (transient ischemic attack or TIA) or heart problems.

    Reducing Your Risks
    Fortunately, there are many healthy behaviors that can reduce your risk of stroke and improve your chances for a full recovery.

    • Quit smoking
    • Improve your diet
    • Get regular exercise
    • Control your blood pressure
    • Reduce your cholesterol

    Learn more about prevention and wellness