Type 2 Diabetes and Prediabetes

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Like other forms of the disease, type 2 diabetes means that your body has stopped making insulin or is unable to use the insulin it makes. It is most common in older adults, but also occurs among younger obese people. Although this is the most common form of diabetes, it is also the most easily controlled through lifestyle choices.

Signs & Symptoms

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are sometimes so subtle that you may not notice a problem. Talk to your doctor if you are experiencing any of these things:
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased thirst
  • Feeling hungry, even after eating
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Feeling weak and tired
  • Abdominal pain or nausea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Cuts and infections that don’t heal quickly
  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness in your hands and feet

Although it may seem easy to just "live with" minor issues, these early warnings of type 2 diabetes can turn into serious health problems.

Prediabetes & Prevention

Before you develop type 2 diabetes, you will likely have "prediabetes." This means your blood sugar is higher than normal but not quite in the range of diabetes. Your doctor can test your glucose levels to find out if you have prediabetes:

Fasting Glucose (measured in milligrams per dL)
70-99 Normal
100-125 Prediabetes
126 or greater Diabetes

View the prediabetes Q & A fact sheet

Learn about our prediabetes classes

There are many things you can do to control your outcomes and even get rid of type 2 diabetes:

  • Monitor the number of carbohydrates you eat
  • Increase the amount of fiber in your diet
  • Exercise at least three times per week
  • Lose weight, decreasing your waist circumference below 40 inches for men or 35 inches for women

Learn more about diet and exercise

You're Not Alone

Having diabetes doesn’t mean you can never eat fried food again. It’s all about controlling portion sizes, increasing exercise, and paying close attention to your blood sugar levels. Rather than struggling on your own, let us help you find the education and support to make the transition easier.